Logic is often mischaracterized as dry, boring, difficult rules for technology designers, because of the errors due partly to Aristotle and Boole. Here are reliable, sophisticated routines easy enough for youth to learn.
Common sense is not common. The most common confusion expressed among the people is quantifier confusion. Some people believe some implies all. Some people feel clear about that, however, express belief that correlations or trends are the same as effects resulting from implemented causes. The next most common confusion expressed by people is in bridge building activities. For example, if A implies B and A implies C, then a common error asserts B implies C. This interesting error invites False Consensus for we can ask the people whether they know whether the assertion is true or false, and the majority assert they know. We can subsequently ask the people who say they know whether it is true or false, to discover the consensus was misleading in hiding perceptive disagreement.
Fallacies are persuasive errors which Aristotle identified as algorithmic patterns in people's behaviour when some people try to get a result without merit, and seem to convince a juror or investigator to yield the desired result. Fallacies are errors, however, many errors are unconvincing. Aristotle identified persuasive errors that tend to hoodwink unsuspecting people to teach government and law enforcers what to guard against. Although fallacy identification and rejection is a defensive habit increasing personal security, fallacy awareness can also be a form of attack against an unsuspecting population.
The confusion resulting from fallacies quickly thwarts conversations down from normal levels to the level of the definitions of words. Thus, we might benefit from fulfilling Aristotle's best plausible vision for the future, by teaching fallacy awareness and rejection to children in primary education.
For more information about how logic-related confusion is mitigated in English, read more about English as a Foreign Language in education.
Business continuity, reliability, market relation and optimization of these, is my primary application of differential equations. However, attempted theft and attempted murder from 1993 to 2003 prompted me to live in China since 2004 where I teach English until re-established in business and government consulting. The theft and murder attempts I survived are very similar to, if not entirely the same as, what happened to Alan Turing.